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Burundi und die Nachwehen des Bürgerkriegs ...

Beitragvon Birgitt » 04.09.2007 22:36

Kämpfe zwischen Rebellen in Burundi - 5000 Zivilisten fliehen
04.09.2007 - nachrichten.ch

Bujumbura - Bei den schwersten Kämpfen in der Hauptstadt von Burundi seit zwei Jahren sind in der Nacht mindestens 21 Menschen ums Leben gekommen. Rund 5000 Zivilisten flohen aus Bujumbura ... mehr

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Burundi - FNL - Letzte Waffen niedergelegt ?

Beitragvon Alexander » 19.04.2009 19:25

Burundi: Letzte Rebellenorganisation legt Waffen nieder

FNL setzt Abkommen mit der Regierung um - Rebellenchef Rwasa übergab seine Kalaschnikow symbolisch einem Soldaten mehr...

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Beitragvon Alexander » 16.07.2009 08:39

Hoffnung auf Frieden in Burundi - Kochtopf statt Kalaschnikow

Nach 16 Jahren Bürgerkrieg geben die FNL-Rebellen ihre Waffen ab. Und hunderttausende Exilburundier kommen heim. mehr...

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Burundi - Überfall auf Zuckerrohrplantage nahe Rukoko

Beitragvon Birgitt » 17.09.2010 15:56

Doch nicht alle Waffen abgegeben ???


Armed Group Kills 6, Injures A Dozen in Burundi
16.09.2010 - crienglish

An unidentified armed group on Wednesday morning killed six agents and injured 11 others in a sugar cane plantation near Rukoko natural reserve, Burundi's Bubanza Province, some 15 km in the west of the capital Bujumbura. Witnesses said the attack in the sugar cane plantation run by the Tanganyika Business Company (TBC) of Nahum Barankiriza occurred around 10:00 a.m. local time (0800 GMT). "People who attacked us were wearing military uniforms, boots and had guns and they told us to approach them since they said that they had something to tell us. We thought they were soldiers and we went closer to them. When we were close to them, they opened fire on us, and we became stranded due to fear," an anonymous agent who survived death told Xinhua few hours after the shooting ... mehr
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Burundi army denies existence of armed rebellion
15.09.2010 - Afrique en Ligne

Bujumbura, Burundi - The Burundi army on Tuesday denied the existence of a rebellion in gestation, according to the local press, which reported desertion of Major Aloys Nzabampema since 3 September. "There is no rebellion in gestation in Burundi but gunmen, who rape, kill and loot," Colonel Gaspard Baratuza, spokesman of the Burundian army, said ... mehr


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Burundi - Leichenfunde im Rusizi River

Beitragvon Birgitt » 22.09.2010 21:06

Mutilated bodies found in river near Burundi capital
22.09.2010 - BBC

Fourteen bodies, some of them mutilated with machetes, have been discovered in a river west of Burundi's capital. At least one of the victims - whose identities are not yet known - was decapitate. The brutality of the killings is feeding fears that a new rebellion is brewing in the country, which is still recovering from a 12-year civil war [...] The BBC's Prime Ndikumagenge in the capital, Bujumbura, says the bodies have been washing up on the banks of the River Ruzizi, close to the border with DR Congo, for the past week ... mehr

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Neue Gewalt in Burundi

Beitragvon Birgitt » 24.09.2010 20:38

Leichenfunde in Burundi
22.09.2010 - Deutsche Welle

Vor einem Jahr erst haben die letzten burundischen Rebellen ihre Waffen abgegeben. Die Burunder hatten mehr als 15 Jahre Bürgerkrieg hinter sich. Jetzt erschüttert neue Gewalt das zentralafrikanische Land ... mehr
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Fears after bodies found in river
23.09.2010 - iol

Burundi - At a side of the Rusizi river in Burundi, not far from a group of hippos and half hidden by huge clumps of reeds, lies the first body, a headless man naked to the waist [...] “For the past week the Rusizi has been washing down corpses with marks of violence [...] These incidents seem to confirm persistent rumours of the presence of new rebel pockets in Rukoko and in the Kibira forest, which runs from north to central Burundi [...] Gatumba, with some 35 000 inhabitants is a stronghold of the old Burundian rebellion, the National Liberation Forces (FNL), now an opposition political party. No one dares mention the mysterious new armed group ... mehr


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Burundi - Angst vor neuem Bürgerkrieg

Beitragvon Birgitt » 14.10.2010 21:35

Angst vor neuem Bürgerkrieg in Burundi
11.10.2010 - Deutsche Welle

Nach mehr als einem Jahrzehnt Bürgerkrieg hat Burundi endlich Frieden gefunden. So schien es zumindest. Die Wahlen in diesem Jahr sollten Stabilität bringen. Doch nach der Abstimmung kommt es immer wieder zu Gewalt ... mehr

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Burundi plant Verfassungsänderung

Beitragvon Birgitt » 18.12.2013 20:19

IRIN hat geschrieben:Alarm over Burundi's planned constitution changes
18.12.2013 - IRIN

BUJUMBURA - Plans by Burundi's government to make radical amendments to the constitution have raised the political temperature in a country striving to overcome the effects of a civil war fought between 1993 and 2005.
Opposition parties accuse the government of unilaterally pushing for changes that would strengthen the executive and upset a delicate balance of power - between the country's Hutu majority and Tutsi minority - enshrined in the Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi, which was signed in 2000. (The country's last rebel group only gave up the fight five years later.)

A prominent opposition politician, former vice president Frédéric Bamvuginyumvira, of the Front pour la Démocratie au Burundi (FRODEBU) party, was arrested on 5 December, a few days before the scheduled date of a demonstration called to protest the amendments. Initial charges of adultery and planning rebellion were dropped but one of attempted corruption remains in place.

The demonstration was cancelled at the last minute, although it was not clear if this was due to the stated reason of mourning the recently deceased former South African president and Arusha talks chairman Nelson Mandela, or because the police had made it clear they would deal robustly with what they regarded as a threat to law and order.

Around the same time, the Episcopal Conference in Burundi - which is predominantly Roman Catholic - sounded a note of alarm about the current "overheated political climate", warning in a statement that "a constitution adopted with neither dialogue nor consensus risks compromising our peace and reconciliation process."

The bishops called for most of the proposed changes to be shelved until after elections are held in 2015. The opposition boycotted legislative and presidential elections in 2010 after accusing the government of fraud in earlier local polls.

Shifting the balance of power

The most important among the dozens of amendments are proposals to: replace two ethnically balanced and equally powerful vice presidential posts with a largely ceremonial vice president and a powerful prime minister; reduce the vote-passing requirement in parliament from two-thirds to a simple majority; prohibit judges, defence and security personnel from forming unions and holding strikes; allow only degree holders to run for the presidency; and restrict parliamentary representation to parties that win at least five percent of all votes cast.

The vice presidential changes, according to Bamvuginyumvira, who spoke to IRIN in late November, would "destroy the spirit of the Arusha accord. We have to share power through all administrative structures, the government, parliament, territorial units. "

The Arusha agreement, which was signed by nearly all political stakeholders, said the causes of the civil war, which claimed more than 200,000 lives, were "fundamentally political, with extremely important ethnic dimensions" stemming "from a struggle by the political class to accede to and/or remain in power".

François Bizimana, spokesperson of the Conseil National pour la Défense de la Démocratie (CNDD) Party, told IRIN: "Parliament [now] requires a two-thirds majority to pass laws, but the proposals are calling for this to be amended to a 50 percent plus one vote majority; now Hutus alone can pass a decision."

The opposition has rejected a plan to thrash out the constitutional disagreement in the National Assembly, saying the lower house of parliament should stick to voting on completed draft legislation and that it was not an appropriate forum for discussions on what form a bill on the constitution should take.

Distrust

Those in the opposition and civil society also say that President Pierre Nkurunziza, head of Conseil national pour la defense de la democratie-Forces pour la defense de la democratie (CNDD-FDD) party, plans to run for a third term in 2015, contrary to a constitutional limit of two.

"No such amendment has been proposed," insisted Evariste Sabiyumva, Burundi's assistant home affairs minister.

"But that does not mean that the head of state could not run for a third term. The constitution provides for two terms by universal suffrage. The first term was not a direct vote [Nkurunzia was appointed by parliament in 2005]. It's a matter of interpretation of the constitution."

Planned provisions requiring presidential candidates to hold a university degree would exclude Agathon Rwasa, one leader of the divided Forces nationales de liberation party.

This would "complicate issues as he has many young supporters," added Pacifique Nininahazwe, a political analyst and civil society leader.

According to Bamvuginyumvira, the CNDD-FDD is hoodwinking citizens into accepting the proposed amendments. "They are going around asking people, 'Do you want free health care?' If they say yes, this is taken as an acceptance to amend the constitution through the back door."

The 2010 boycott led to "institutions dominated by one party. The pulling out of the polls was disastrous for the country. Together, they [the opposition] had about 40 percent of the votes. they would have had some quotas in government," said Nininahazwe.

"There is a lack of confidence in institutions in charge of organizing the elections and, consequently, distrust in the results of the elections. There is no trust in the police and in the judiciary, which is expected to settle all the problems inherent to the elections," noted Julien Nimbubona, a professor of political science at the University of Burundi.

The government, for its part, added Nimbubona, shows disdain not only for opposition parties, but also for civil society, which is vibrant in Burundi, encompassing hundreds of different organizations.

"The government does not trust the civil society, which is said to be serving the interests of the international community. The government has a hostile attitude toward other partners due to the supposed partnership between them and the civil society and the media," added Nimbubona. Burundi's government recently approved a media law forbidding reporting on matters which could undermine national security, public order or the economy.

Next steps

"The challenge moving forward for Burundi would be to see that, come 2015, all stakeholders come to an agreement that this time around they can all stand and agree to the outcome of the elections,"Parfait Onanga Anyanga, the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) in Burundi and the head of the UN office in Burundi [ BNUB [ http://bnub.unmissions.org/Default.aspx ... uage=en-US] ], told UN Radio [http://www.unmultimedia.org/radio/english/2013/12/burundi-faces-challenges-as-it-prepares-for-2015-general-elections/ ] .

To IRIN, he added, "More can be done. to ensure people enjoy greater political freedoms and also to put an end to the worrisome trend of the political violence and the perceived manipulation of the youth in harassing political opponents."

CNDD-FDD's armed youths, the Imbonerakure (the Kirundi word for "those that see far") have continued to attack and to disrupt opposition party meetings, eliciting condemnation and counter-attacks.

On this issue, the bishops at the Episcopal Conference spoke out against the "confrontational attitude that is growing among political actors [and] between the youth leagues of political parties. Once again we call for [a] path of non-violence to be given priority so that our country is not rocked by fresh violence."

"We should never lose sight of where we have come from: for most people, the scars of war are still fresh," they added in their statement.

The Episcopal Conference also voiced support for the UN Office in Burundi (BNUB) - which the government has said it wants to see closed on the grounds that the country is now at peace - pointing out it had played a key role in facilitating dialogue between various political actors.

It was under the auspices of BNUB that political parties and civil society signed up, in March 2013, to a roadmap aimed at creating a secure environment ahead of the 2015 polls.

"So far, we have had good progress," said Onanga-Anyanga. "Since March, we are very pleased to see that the majority of the opposition politicians who had gone into exile have returned. Most importantly, it is fair to say that, overall, the situation has improved. Opposition leaders are free to go around the country."

He added that key players had agreed to meet every three months "so that they have a framework for raising issues, challenges. and also taking stock of their own commitments to renounce the violence so that by the time they get into May-June 2015, we have a conducive environment for the holding of free and fair and transparent elections in Burundi."


Quelle: IRIN

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26.06.2015 - Wahlen in Burundi

Beitragvon Birgitt » 25.04.2015 14:14

Seit Wochen ist die Lage im mittelafrikanischen Staat Burundi angespannt, nun droht sie zu eskalieren. Präsident Nkurunziza strebt eine dritte Amstzeit an und bricht damit eine Friedensvereinbarung nach dem Bürgerkrieg 2005 zwischen Huthu und Tutsi ... Die Präsidentschaftswahl soll am 26. Juni stattfinden ... Die Opposition des Landes sieht eine dritte Amtszeit Nkurunzizas als verfassungswidrig an. Zudem verstoße sie gegen ein Abkommen, das seit Ende des Bürgerkriegs in dem ostafrikanischen Land vor gut einem Jahrzehnt den Frieden gewährleistet hat. Mehr als 300 zivilgesellschaftliche Organisationen kündigten für Sonntag eine Protestaktion an.

Präsident will dritte Amtszeit - Furcht vor Unruhen in Burundi
25.04.2015 - tagesschau

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Demonstrationen in Burundi

Beitragvon Birgitt » 26.04.2015 13:28

At least one person has been shot dead in violent clashes in Burundi, a day after President Pierre Nkurunziza controversially launched his bid for a third term in office. Hundreds defied a ban on demonstrations to take to the streets of the capital Bujumbura. Police shot live ammunition in the air to disperse them ... Angry protesters on Sunday threw rocks and lit tyres. Police responded with tear gas, water cannon and live ammunition, blocking access to the centre of the capital ...

Deadly Burundi protests after president seeks third term
26.04.2015 - BBC

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Burundi - Präsident will dritte Amtszeit

Beitragvon Birgitt » 27.04.2015 19:25

Bei Protesten in Burundi gegen eine dritte Amtszeit von Präsident Pierre Nkurunziza ist es zu gewaltsamen Zusammenstößen mit Sicherheitskräften gekommen. Laut Augenzeugen wurden fünf Demonstranten getötet. Die Polizei setzte Wasserwerfer und Tränengas ein. Versammelt hatten sich mehrere Tausend Demonstranten. In vielen Vierteln der Hauptstadt Bujumbura wurden Autoreifen angezündet und Straßenblockaden errichtet.

Tote bei Protesten in Burundi
26.04.2015 - tagesschau

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Unklare Lage nach Putschversuch in Burundi

Beitragvon Birgitt » 14.05.2015 16:18

Wer hat momentan die Macht im ostafrikanischen Burundi? Nach dem Putschversuch von Teilen des Militärs bleibt die Lage unübersichtlich: Der Präsident ist offenbar weiterhin nicht im Land, Regierungstreue und Putschisten liefern sich heftige Kämpfe in der Hauptstadt Bujumbura.

Gefechte und ein fehlender Präsident
14.05.2015 - tagesschau

Rival groups of soldiers in Burundi are vying for control of the capital Bujumbura amid confusion over the success of an attempted coup. There has been heavy fighting at the state radio building, where broadcasts were briefly halted. One source said soldiers loyal to President Pierre Nkurunziza controlled key areas, including the airport. Coup leaders insist they remain in charge.

Burundi coup bid: Rivals battle to control Bujumbura
14.05.2015 - BBC Video

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Umstrittene Präsidentschaftswahl in Burundi

Beitragvon Birgitt » 21.07.2015 20:24

Nach monatelangen Unruhen wählt Burundi nun einen neuen Präsidenten. Der umstrittene Amtsinhaber Nkurunziza bewirbt sich um eine dritte Amtszeit, obwohl die Verfassung nur zwei vorsieht. Das sorgt für Proteste und Gewalt. Noch bevor die Präsidentschaftswahl in Burundi begonnen hat, ist es in der Nacht zu Ausschreitungen gekommen. In der Hauptstadt Bujumbura explodierte Angaben der Polizei zufolge eine Granate im zentralen Geschäftszentrum. Polizisten mit Sturmgewehren patrouillierten während der Nacht durch die Straßen. Augenzeugen berichteten von Schüssen und Explosionen. Dabei kamen nach Angaben der Nachrichtenagentur Reuters mindestens zwei Menschen ums Leben.

Wahl im Zeichen der Gewalt
21.07.2015 - tagesschau

Burundi election: Pierre Nkurunziza seeks third term amid violence
21.07.2015 - BBC

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Burundi - Tausende Oppositionelle auf der Flucht

Beitragvon Birgitt » 07.11.2015 10:46

Der UN-Sicherheitsrat wird am Montag zu einer Dringlichkeitssitzung über die Lage in Burundi zusammentreten [...] Am Samstag läuft ein Ultimatum des Präsidenten Pierre Nkurunziza an bewaffnete Regierungsgegner ab, die Waffen niederzulegen oder gnadenlos verfolgt zu werden. Nachdem ohnehin schon jeden Morgen die Bewohner oppositionelle Stadtvierteln von Bujumbura Leichen hingerichteter Folteropfer finden, haben viele nun Angst vor einem Terrorfeldzug der Polizei und regierungstreuer Milizen. Am Freitag ergriffen zahlreiche Bewohner von Stadtteilen wie Cibitoke und Mutakura vorsorglich die Flucht [...] immer häufiger kommt es auch in verschiedenen Landesteilen zu Auseinandersetzungen zwischen regierungstreuen Sicherheitskräften und unbekannten Rebellen [...] Ab Sonntag 8. November [...] seien die Sicherheitskräfte „bevollmächtigt, alle Mittel zu ihrer Verfügung einzusetzen, um die vollständige Sicherheit wiederherzustellen“. Die Operation solle bis Ende November dauern.

Angst vor massiver Gewalt
06.11.2015 - taz

The UN secretary-general has condemned "inflammatory rhetoric" amid growing concern at the escalating violence in Burundi. The Brussels-based International Crisis Group says the language is "chillingly similar" to that used in Rwanda before the genocide of 1994. President Pierre Nkurunziza has issued an ultimatum for gunmen to lay down their weapons this weekend.

Burundi violence: UN condemns 'inflammatory rhetoric'
06.11.2015 - BBC

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Gewalt in Burundi

Beitragvon Birgitt » 08.11.2015 17:31

Unbekannte haben in Burundi in der Nacht zu Sonntag eine Bar überfallen und mindestens neun Personen getötet. Nachbarn hörten in einem südlichen Viertel der Hauptstadt Bujumbura Schüsse und fanden danach sieben blutüberströmte Leichen. Zwei weitere Personen konnten zwar noch verletzt fliehen, starben aber später in Krankenhäusern.

Neun Menschen in Bar erschossen
08.11.2015 - NZZ

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