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Sicherheitslage Niger

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Niger - Probleme Grenzen zu sichern

Beitragvon Birgitt » 12.09.2013 17:58

IRIN hat geschrieben:Analysis: After Mali, Niger battles to secure its borders

NIAMEY, 12 September 2013 (IRIN) - The takeover of northern Mali by Islamist rebels after a 2012 coup [ http://www.irinnews.org/report/95252/ma ... n-conflict ], and the subsequent French-led intervention, have widened fears of a spill-over of insurgency in the region. Niger, which has socio-political problems comparable to those of Mali, is battling to secure its territory from militants still operating in Sahel's remote wilderness.

Insecurity is an ever-present threat. The country suffered twin attacks on 23 May, when assailants struck a military base and a French-run uranium mine in the north, killing dozens.

Mokhtar Belmokhtar, a prominent and long-time Sahel jihadist who had claimed responsibility for the Algerian gas plant attack in January, said his fighters were behind the strikes. The Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO), which had operated in northern Mali before being dislodged by the French military, also claimed responsibility.

Bolstering security

Niamey has been working to bolster its security strategy.

In October 2012, it launched a five-year US$2.5 billion plan [ http://sds-sahelniger.net/?q=node/1 ] to secure and develop its northern region, whose residents, especially the Tuareg, say they have been marginalized. As in neighbouring Mali, the Tuareg in northern Niger have carried out a series of rebellions demanding autonomy, social and political inclusion, and the development of their homeland.

The country has also introduced legal reforms, enacting anti-terrorism legislation, setting up a special team of lawyers and security officers to work with the government on terrorism matters, upgrading military hardware, and cooperating with France and the US on security. US drones began operating in Niger in December 2012. Nigerien troops are also being trained by their American and French counterparts.

"Niger has shown not only political commitment, but a certain level of coherence in dealing with the threat of terrorism," David Zounmenou, senior researcher on West Africa at the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), told IRIN.

Niger, an impoverished Sahel nation prone to droughts and food scarcity, also faces additional threats from Boko Haram insurgents in Nigeria to the south and from militias in the north suspected to be operating in southern Libya, analysts say.

Politically, Niger has worked to improve the inclusion [ http://www.irinnews.org/report/97823/ca ... the-tuareg ] of its Tuareg population to end the cycles of insurgency.

Failed unity coalition

During Niger's 3 August independence day celebration, President Issoufou Mahamadou called for the formation of a national unity government, part of a political cohesion plan he sees as crucial to dealing with the country's security threats. However, a subsequent cabinet shake-up has cost his ruling coalition the support of its main ally, who quit in protest of the seats it was allocated in the new government set-up.

"In terms of security plans, it certainly weakens the national consensus that has prevailed thus far in Niger. Institutional consensus has been the backbone of the response mechanism to offset the spill-over of the insurgency in Mali and to manage successive attacks," said Zounmenou.

But West Africa political analyst Kamissa Camara says the political disagreements have little bearing on Niger's security worries.

"The political fall-out is more indicative of the superficial political arrangements made before the second round of the 2011 presidential elections and the ensuing struggle for influence between two complementary but oxymoronic political figures," Camara said, referring to the president and Hama Amadou, the leader of his coalition's main ally.

Other threats

In addition to its security worries, Mahamdou's government, which came to power in 2011 after a brief period of instability, is struggling to better the lives of citizens, the bulk of whom are living in extreme poverty. The country sits at the bottom of the UN Human Development Index.

Although the government is making improvements in sectors such as health, education and agriculture, some 85 percent of Nigeriens survive on less than US$2 a day. Around 2.9 million [ http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.in ... rected.pdf ] people currently face food shortages.

Natural disasters and recurrent food shortages are greater threats to many Nigeriens than security fears, say analysts. The country recently appealed for help [ http://news.yahoo.com/niger-asks-foreig ... 57911.html ] following devastation by floods that have killed two dozen people and left some 75,000 others homeless.

Niger has the world's largest uranium reserves, but receipts from uranium mining have made little impact on the lives of many Nigeriens. And while the country began pumping its first oil in early 2011, it was later was forced to cut back its budget [ http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/10/ ... 1L20121017 ] due to poor revenue. The shortfalls could impact Niger's security budget.

"An intense focus on security could affect Niger's budget spending on other strategic sectors. The defence budget more than doubled in 2012, although it's still behind the health and education expenditure," said Jean-Hervé Jezequel, a senior analyst with the International Crisis Group.

"The risk is that [expenditure] on social assistance programmes could increasingly be adjusted depending on security concerns, and it is doubtful that this will be to the benefit of the Nigerien population as a whole," Jezequel told IRIN.

Counterproductive?

When Islamist rebels began advancing on Mali's capital in January this year, Niger supported the French intervention. It has also sent some 900 soldiers as part of the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali. However, there are concerns that its stance in the Mali crisis and its security cooperation with Western countries could stoke extremist militia threats.

"As Islam is dominant in our country, it is easy for these forces of evil to infiltrate Nigerien youths," noted Zarami Abba Kiari, the ruling party's deputy spokesman, who argued that the national unity government could forestall such risks.

Insurgent groups have used Niger for their cross-border activities in Mali, Nigeria and Libya, and with light government presence in certain regions of Niger, the country risks becoming a safe haven and rear base for militant groups targeting other countries, like Chad and Algeria, that have largely expelled these groups from their territories, ISS reckons [ http://www.issafrica.org/events/niger-s ... ghbourhood ].

"The structural complexities of Niger, illustrated by its vast desert, its arid territory, and the borders it shares with Algeria, Libya and Chad, are certainly contributing factors to these [security] threats," Camara told IRIN.

Weak governance, underdevelopment and poverty have created a breeding ground for militancy in West Africa and the Sahel, academics argue [ http://www.irinnews.org/report/98012/un ... est-africa ].

"There is need for concrete response to [Niger's] socio-economic problems. Young people are looking for jobs, effective health care, education. If they are not satisfied, this can provide them with a reason to join jihadist movements," said ISS's Zounmenou.


Quelle: IRIN

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Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon Alexander » 28.05.2016 18:45

Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb has released a statement to claim responsibility for an attack that it reportedly carried out recently at a Areva's uranium mining facility in Arlit, city of Agadez (northern Niger). AQIM stated that the "Grand Sahara's el-Nosr" brigade conducted the attack, "despite reinforced security and airborne surveillance." In the same statement, the militant organization stressed that its main purpose in the region is to "undermine French and Western interests in the region", which it deems "legitimate targets." It is unknown whether this attack caused any casualties.

Quelle: MEA Risk

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Angriff auf CMA-Posten in Tankademi / Grenze Mali - Niger

Beitragvon Birgitt » 13.06.2016 21:21

Unbekannte haben am Wochenende einen Posten des CMA in Tankademi an der Grenze Mali-Niger angegriffen ...

Another incident took place in Tankademi near Mali's border with Niger, where unidentified gunmen attacked a position of the Coordination of Movement of Azawad (CMA), Moussa Ag Acharatmane , the group's spokesman told Anadolu Agency. "Our troops responded to the attack, killing three and several wounded among the attackers," said Acharatmane.

At least 11 killed in fresh violence in northern Mali
13.06.2016 - EIN News

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Re: Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon Alexander » 08.10.2016 07:08

Kurz vor einem Besuch der deutschen Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel (CDU) in Niger sind bei einem mutmaßlichen Jihadistenangriff auf ein Flüchtlingslager in dem westafrikanischen Land mehr als 20 Soldaten getötet worden. Bis zu 40 schwer bewaffnete Männer hätten am Donnerstag ein Camp für malische Flüchtlinge in Tazalit nahe der Grenze zu Mali angegriffen, sagte ein Vertreter der Sicherheitsbehörden am Freitag. Dabei seien 22 Soldaten getötet worden.


der Standard: Niger: Mehr als 20 Soldaten bei Angriff auf Flüchtlingslager getötet

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Re: Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon GeorgW » 15.10.2016 12:42

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Re: Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon Alexander » 15.10.2016 19:47

Einige Details zu Entführung des amerikanischen NGO Helfers.

Jeffery Woodke, who works for a local NGO called JEMED and has lived in Niger since 1992, was taken from his home in the town of Abalak at around 2000 GMT (1600 EST) by a group of armed men in a Toyota Hilux pickup truck, the statement said.

"These criminals are now heading towards Mali. Our forces are on their trail," said interior minister Mohamed Bazoum.


Reuters: U.S. aid worker kidnapped in Niger, taken towards Mali

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Re: Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon Alexander » 15.10.2016 22:34

RFI said the assailants arrived around 9pm in a 4x4 vehicle, accompanied by a motorbike.

It only took them about 10 minutes to kidnap the American, RFI reported, who was known locally as “Jeff”.

He had been working in the Sahel region for the American evangelical organisation Youth with a Mission since the 1990s.


France 24: Gunmen stormed the house of a longtime American aid worker in Niger, killing two people before fleeing with the man towards the border with Mali, authorities said Saturday

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Re: Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon Alexander » 15.10.2016 23:08

Der Entführte Jeffery Woodke lebt seit 20 Jahren in Abalak und ist mit einer Tuaregfrau verheiratet, mit der er mehrere Kinder hat. Von den Tuareg wurde Jeff als Bruder betrachtet. Noch gibt es keine Gruppe, welche die Verantwortung für die Entführung übernommen hat. In Sicherheitskreisen vermutet man AQIM als die Täter.

Bisher sind keine Entführungen bekannt, wo sich Opfer unter Tuareg oder deren Angehörigen befanden. Von den Tuareg wird die Entführung aufs schärfste verurteilt.

Quelle offense a notre hospitalité. Quel déclin pour notre bravoure. Quel honte a notre honneur. Elle est peu être américain de nom. Ce qui est certain et quoi qu'il est. Il a été un humanitaire exemplaire.C'est avec lui que la reconstitution du cheptel a connu son embelie. Dieu seul sait combien il a sorti de la précarité.


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Re: Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon Alexander » 16.10.2016 06:00

Gesterns wurde bei Tagharaba in der Ténéré ein Tuareg vermutlich von Tubu Banditen getötet und ein weiterer mit einem Geländewagen überfahren. Die beiden schürften in der Gegend nach Gold, das von den Tubus erbeutet wurde.

Derartige Überfälle ereignen sich in letzter Zeit leider immer häufiger. Tuareg haben Bedenken geäußert, dass die Situation ausser Kontrolle geraten könnte, wenn die Behörden nicht endlich etwas gegen die schwer bewaffneten Banditen unternehmen.

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Re: Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon Alexander » 16.10.2016 19:09

Der Amerikaner wurde offensichtlich von einer Gruppe namens Mujao, die der AQIM nahesteht entführt.

Interior Minister Mohamed Bazoum told AFP that Niger's forces had tracked the kidnappers across the border into Mali, towards the region of Menaka which is controlled by the Al-Qaeda linked Mujao.

"He was probably kidnapped by the Mujao or handed over to the Mujao by those who abducted him," said Bazoum by telephone.

"We have had no contact with the Mujao, which is a terrorist organisation," he added.


A US aid worker kidnapped in Niger is likely being held by jihadists from the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (Mujao)

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Re: Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon Alexander » 17.10.2016 18:24

Derzeit läuft ein Angriff von Dschihadisten auf ein Gefängnis ca. 50 km von Nimaey entfernt. Der Angriff begann zur Dämmerung und hält immer noch an. In dem Gefängnis sitzen diverse Führer verschiedener Terrorfraktionen wie Boko Haram und Anführer von Hausa Dschihadisten.

Das ist bereits der dritte Vorfall innerhalb von zwei Wochen. Es werden immer mehr Stimmen laut, welche den Rücktritt des Verteidungs- und Innenminister fordern.

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Alexander

Nachtrag: soeben wird gemeldet, dass der Angriff auf das Gefängnis, der von Hausa, Kanuri und Tubu, welche Boko Haram oder der AQIM nahen MUJAO angehören zurückgeschlagen wurde. Der Angriff wurde von Angehörigen der Saharan Security Units (FSIN) ehemaligen Tuaregrebellen abgewehrt.
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Re: Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon Alexander » 17.10.2016 19:06

Der Angriff auf das Gefängnis hatte sich anscheinend schon heute morgen ereignet. Jetzt auch eine Pressemeldung dazu.

"I can confirm one dead among the attackers. He was wearing a suicide vest," Interior Minister Mohamed Bazoum told Reuters by telephone. "The situation is now under control and our forces are combing the area to try to catch the attackers still at large," he said. A ministry spokesman said no prisoners escaped.


Niger security forces repel attack on prison holding militants

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Re: Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon Alexander » 18.10.2016 06:06

Noch ein Artikel aus der deutschsprachigen Presse:

Bewaffnete haben im westafrikanischen Wüstenstaat Niger ein Hochsicherheitsgefängnis angegriffen, in dem zahlreiche islamistische Terroristen einsitzen. Sicherheitskräfte hätten die Attacke in dem Ort Koutoukale, rund 50 Kilometer nördlich der Hauptstadt Niamey, abgewehrt, teilte Innenminister Mohamed Bazoum am Montag mit. Mehrere Angreifer seien getötet worden.


Tiroler Tageszeitung: Bewaffnete attackierten Islamisten-Gefängnis im Niger

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Re: Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon Alexander » 18.10.2016 18:57

Jeffery Woodke ist keine Geisel wie jede andere, schreibt die Presse. Der Auslöser für die Entführung könnte eine gestohlene Rauschgiftlieferung sein.

A dispute concerning a stolen drug shipment could be behind the kidnapping of the American Jeffery Woodke Friday night in northern Niger Why him? The people of Abalak, a town of over 30,000 inhabitants mostly Tuaregs are wondering. Installed for over twenty years in Abalak, "Jeff" is known as the white wolf.


Google übersetzt:

Mondialnews: Niger: Jeffery Woodke, not a hostage like other

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Re: Sicherheitslage Niger

Beitragvon Alexander » 18.10.2016 20:18

Die Geschichte hinter der Entführung ist unglaublich.

Google übersetzt:

"The incredible story is as follows:... There a few months ago, a refrigerated truck is to steer Amataltal desert He comes from Mali and transports frozen chicken But not just the robbers know that under the cargo is is a safe, which they know the code. they open it and steal a huge amount of cocaine. in Niamey, the head of the traffic is in shock.
According to information circulating in Niger, it will act does so for an elected political party affiliated with the presidential majority.
The lead member of Bamako with a relative, where he tries to negotiate with partners. They want to hear nothing and require full payment of the amount of cargo. They keep collateral friend of the deputy. The latter returns to Niamey alone, annoyed, looking for a nest egg.
It could then, according to rumors, use its network to send small hands take a US citizen, the idea to sell it to a jihadist groups operating in northern Mali. "


Kidnapping of an American in Abalak in Niger: Jeffery Woodke, not a hostage like other

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